• What Are the Types of Periodontal Disease?

    By visiting a dentist serving Lexington at least twice a year for a dental checkup and professional cleaning, you can greatly reduce the risk of suffering from periodontal disease. Periodontal disease, or gum disease, often occurs from improper oral hygiene that results in the buildup of plaque and tartar. If you notice any changes with your oral hygiene, such as bad breath or a receding gum line, visit a dentist right away. Your dentist may diagnose you with one of the following types of periodontal disease.

    Gingivitis

    Gingivitis is a common condition seen in general dentistry practices. It is the first stage of periodontal disease. If your dentist detects periodontal disease in this stage, it is easily treated with deep cleaning and improvements in at-home oral care. Gingivitis occurs when plaque and tartar buildup causes the gums to become inflamed and swollen. They may appear redder than usual and they are likely to bleed easily. While poor oral care routines are most often the cause of gingivitis, other factors may contribute to it. These can include smoking, poor nutrition, and substance abuse, in addition to medical conditions such as diabetes.

    Periodontitis

    Unless gingivitis is detected and treated, gum disease can advance to the next stage, which is known as periodontitis. Periodontitis is characterized by the worsening spread of plaque and tartar . The bacteria in the plaque give off toxins, which cause irritation to the sensitive gums. In turn, the body has an inflammatory response that causes the jawbone and tissues in the mouth to break down. Dentists detect periodontitis by evaluating a patient’s mouth for signs of gum recession and assessing the bone density of the jawbone. As the supportive structures of the mouth deteriorate, the teeth become loose and they can eventually fall out or require removal.

    Necrotizing Periodontal Disease

    Dental patients with HIV infection, poor nutrition, or immunosuppression are prone to a type of periodontitis called necrotizing periodontal disease. This infection involves the death of gingival tissues, supporting bone structures, and periodontal ligament. The end result may be tooth loss. The severity of any type of periodontal disease highlights the need for regular dental visits.

  • Perfecting Your Flossing Technique

    If you’ve recently visited a dentist in Lexington to receive a dental filling, it may be necessary to improve your oral hygiene routine . It’s critical to make flossing part of your daily teeth cleaning regimen to prevent future cavities and gingivitis. Your dentist or your dental hygienist can demonstrate the proper flossing technique for you. First, your dentist will recommend using about six inches of floss and wrapping the ends around each index finger. Then, gently guide the floss between each tooth.

    You can see a demonstration of the proper flossing technique by watching this expert at a general dentistry practice. He explains one of the most common mistakes people make when flossing teeth and demonstrates how to wrap the floss around each tooth to remove food debris and plaque.

  • A Patient’s Guide to Dental Bonding

    Cosmetic dentistry practices often offer dental bonding to patients who have teeth that feature chips or cracks. This cosmetic dentistry procedure involves the application of a special composite material to the tooth, which mimics the natural appearance of the tooth. Before having dental bonding, talk to a dentist serving Lexington about what you can expect from the procedure and how you can care for your bonded teeth afterward.

    Reasons for Dental Bonding

    Dental bonding is ideal for more than just chipped or broken teeth. Your cosmetic dentist may recommend dental bonding for you if you have undesirable gaps between your teeth. This procedure is also ideal for those with tooth discoloration and tooth decay, since it can serve as a more cosmetically pleasing alternative to traditional amalgam dental filling materials. Dental bonding can even improve the shape and length of the teeth.

    Preparation for Dental Bonding

    If you’re having a dental filling with the bonding material, your dentist will apply a local anesthetic. Otherwise, you may not even need an anesthetic for this cosmetic dentistry procedure. To prepare for the procedure, the dentist will refer to a shade guide to choose a color of composite resin that closely resembles the shade of your natural teeth.

    Procedure for Dental Bonding

    Before applying the composite resin, the dentist will roughen the surface of the tooth and apply a conditioning liquid. While it may seem counterintuitive to roughen a tooth, this facilitates the adherence of the composite resin to the surface of the tooth. Then, the dentist applies the composite resin and molds it to the perfect shape for your tooth. He or she uses a special laser to harden the material. Then, the bonded tooth can be further refined by shaping and polishing.

    Care of Bonded Teeth

    Caring for your bonded teeth properly can preserve their appearance and function. Since they may be susceptible to staining, you may wish to reduce your intake of red wine, coffee, tea, berries, and other pigmented foods and beverages. It’s critical to avoid biting down on fingernails, ice, and other hard objects because the bonded teeth may chip. In the event that the bonding material does become damaged, your dentist can fix it with another quick procedure.

  • Smile Woes That Can Be Corrected With Veneers

    Dental veneers are a type of cosmetic dentistry treatment that is ideal for many people. Your dentist in Lexington might recommend dental veneers for you if you are concerned about the deteriorating appearance of your teeth. For example, if you’ve previously undergone professional tooth whitening treatments at the general dentistry practice and still have areas of stubborn discoloration, dental veneers can restore the unblemished appearance of your teeth. Since porcelain veneers are resistant to stains, you can enjoy a Hollywood smile for years to come!

    Many people visit a cosmetic dentistry practice for dental veneers because they have misshapen teeth or unsightly gaps between the teeth. Veneers offer correction of these problems without the need for braces. Your dentist might also recommend veneers for you if you have chipped or cracked teeth, or if your teeth have become worn down. Additionally, dental veneers can restore the appearance of teeth that have an improper length or that have suffered a tooth fracture.